Tripeptide 29 200mg (Collagen peptide)
Tripeptide-29 is a synthetic mimic of one of the basic building blocks of collagen. Collagen is a long-chain polymer made of short monomeric repeats that are generally made up of three amino acids in sequence. These repeats bond together to create secondary structures, which then combine to form tertiary and even quaternary structures. These complex structures have many emergent properties that the peptide subunits don’t possess. However, changing the nature of the peptide subunits can change the ultimate properties of a quaternary collage compound. Collagen subunits almost always follow the pattern of Gly-Pro-X or Gly-X-Hyp. Tripeptide-29 is a Gly-Pro-Hyp peptide, making it a perfect synthetic analogue of common collage building blocks.
Tripeptide 29 Review
Chemical Formula: C12H19N3O5
Molecular Weight: 285.3 g/mol
Amino Acid Sequence: Gly-Pro-Hyp
What Is Tripeptide-29?
Tripeptide-29 is a synthetic analogue of a collage building block. The three-amino-acid long peptide mimics the common Gly-Pro-X/Gly-X-Hyp format of collagen subunits.
Tripeptide 29 Effects
Fundamentally, tripeptide-29 acts as a building block of larger collagen molecules. In so doing, it can change, by virtue of its amino acid sequence and relative frequency with the collagen superstructure, the tertiary and quaternary properties of a collagen molecule. It is important to remember that collagen is not just a structural protein, but also plays roles in cell adhesion, tissue regulation, and healing. Thus, tripeptide-29 has the potential to impact a multitude of physiologic features.
The Roles of Collagen
To be clear, collagen is one of the most ubiquitous molecules in the animal kingdom. It is found in humans, all mammals, reptiles, fish, birds, and even algae. Collage plays roles in:
- Tendon and ligament structure,
- Vascular walls,
- Cornea of the eye,
- Muscle fibers,
- Scar formation,
- Vitreous humour of the eye,
- Placental structure,
- Transmembrane proteins like integrin and fibronectin, and
- Cell signaling.
Tripeptide-29 Side Effects
In vitro research into tripeptide-29 has revealed that the peptide, in its non-polymerized form, is a partial agonists of the collagen receptor GPVI. GPVI is expressed on the surface of platelets, the cell-like structures responsible for the early formation of blood clots. The GPVI receptor plays a crucial role in the collagen-induced activation of platelet aggregation in vascular tissue, a first step to clot formation and tissue repair. Thus, collagen fibers are generally considered thrombogenic.
When dysregulated, collagen thrombogenesis may lead to the development of blood clots. Interestingly, crosslinking of tripeptide-29 appears to boost GPVI activation, suggesting that the peptide could be useful in understanding how to create a “just-right” clotting environment in the setting of various bleeding/clotting disorders.
Tripeptide-29 and Collagen Stability
Benchtop research into the role of short peptides like tripeptide-29 has revealed that they can be used to modulate the stability of collagen. Tripeptide-29, in particular, has helped scientists to understand that the ultimate structure of collagen is influenced most by the last peptide in a tripeptide monomer. In a monomer of A-B-C, it is the peptide in the C position that has most influence on final collagen stability. This finding could help scientists to one day create synthetic implants for cartilage, bone, teeth, and more.
Collagen and Free Radical Damage
Free radical damage is the primary cause of cellular and tissue aging. The body has a number of defenses against free radical damage, but they all become less effective over time. Research in sea cucumber has revealed that collagen hydrolysates constructed from monomers like tripeptide-29 are effective radical scavengers, and that the structure of the tripeptide monomer can affect scavenger activity. No research has been carried out on Tripeptide 29, yet, but there is interest in determining how such peptides could be used in foods and nutraceutical products